Are you a fan of the hair typing system? It amazes me how we are all lumped into a hair type without any consideration of our hair porosity and density. These are two extremely important points to consider in our natural hair care regimen. What works for one type 4a may not give similar results on another. Why not? Porosity and density is the primary factor.


What Is Hair Porosity?

Porosity determines your hair’s ability to absorb and retain moisture. High porous hair is usually considered damaged. The cuticles are separated and it may not be able to maintain a moisturized appearance. Low porous hair doesn’t absorb moisture well.


Low Porosity Hair

  • The cuticles of these strands are tightly closed. The scales overlap each other and lay flat. It is resistant to water penetrating through it and as a result, hair is left dry, even despite your best efforts. After washing you see beads of water on the hair strand.


Low Porosity Hair Tips:

  • Have frequent deep conditioning treatments with low-to-moderate heat to help the strands of the cuticle open up to receive the moisturizing product.

  • Use humectants such as animal or vegetable glycerin or honey.

  • Use daily moisturizers with water listed as the first ingredient.

  • Use oils light weight oils such as argan, almond, or grapeseed oil

  • Make sure to moisturize the hair while it is wet (not soaking wet or bone dry) so that the cuticles don’t have time to close up.

  • When performing routine moisturizing, choose products with a lot of emollients – jojoba oil, coconut oil, shea butter, and even mineral oil. These attract moisture to the hair and seal it in. You can benefit from light and liquid products such as hair milk, nothing oily or heavy.


Medium Porosity Hair

  • Medium (or normal) porous hair usually requires minimal maintenance. The cuticles aren’t as tight and they benefit from a healthy amount of moisture balance. This type of hair usually maintains styles longer without a lot of interference. You will noticed that the hair is extremely easy to care for and it retains a lot of moisture and doesn’t easily dry out.


High Porosity Hair

High porous hair cuticles are spread wide, sometimes gaping with holes. It accepts a lot of moisture, making it easier to tangle and frizz.


High Porosity Hair Tips:

  • Leave-in conditioners, good moisturizers and sealants help battle this hair type’s tendency to release moisture as well.

  • Apply hair butter help seal the layers of your moisturizing products.


What Is Hair Density? Is That Different from Hair Thickness>

Density and thickness can be easily confused. Thickness refers to the width of a single strand of hair. Density of your hair refers to how tightly individual strands of hair are packed together. Hair density is affected by your hair texture and porosity.


Low Density Hair

If you have thin strands of hair collectively in a group, then you have low density hair.


  • You should avoid oil-based products that will weigh down the hair and ultimately decrease the appearance of density. Products like leave-in conditioners, heavy dry shampoos, and oil-based scalp treatments should be avoided when you have low hair density. 


High Density Hair

If you have thick strands of hair collectively in a group, then you have high density hair. High-density hair requires products that will hold curls together and reduce volume.



  • Creams, butters and gels are great for high density hair as they will give you more definition and hold. Work in sections to ensure product distribution and seal your hair with thicker oils. If your hair is prone to tangling make the most of protective styles like braids, twist outs and bantu knots.


Please leave your comments below. We would love to hear from you. Peace and Blessings!

Back to blog

Leave a comment